calls upon Kenyans to look back into our history and recall that our party
was born at a time of extreme political crisis and that it has since led
this country steadfastly even at times of grave national anxiety. We have
therefore been tested and proven dependable.'
Kenya and KANU President 1978-Present
FORMATION and the 1960s
the First Lancaster House Constitutional Conference the ban on nationwide
African political parties was lifted. A leaders' conference was proposed
for the March 27, 1960 at Kiambu. Ten of the African elected members signed
a statement proposing the formation of the "Uhuru" Party of
Kenya. The leaders' conference was attended by a majority of the members
and delegates from thirty African political organizations, but primarily
members and leaders of the Kenya Independence Movement and the old KAU.
After some deliberations, they decided to form the Kenya
African National Union (KANU). A committee comprising among others,
Ronald Ngala, Dr. Gikonyo Kiano, Oginga Odinga, Argwings Kodhek, Tom Mboya
with James Gichuru as chairman and Dr. Njoroge Mungai as Secretary, was
appointed to draft KANU's constitution.
to elect national officials was held on May, 14 1960 in Kiambu. Gichuru
was confirmed as Acting President, Oginga Odinga was elected Vice-president,
Mboya -Secretary-General, and Arthur Ochwanda-Deputy Secretary General.
Ronald Ngala and Daniel Arap Moi were elected in absentia as Treasurer
and Deputy Treasurer, respectively. KANU was registered as a political
society on June 11, 1960.
the Kiambu Conference and the formation of KANU did not command the full
support of all African leaders. At about the same time in 1960 that KANU
was formed, other political organizations were formed that represented
the smaller tribes. These were Muliro's Kenya African People's Party,
the Kalenjin Political Alliance led by Daniel Arap Moi and Taaita Towett,
the Maasai United Front led by J. Ole Tips, the Cost African People's
Party headed by Ronald Ngala, and the Somali National Association.
of alliances between these organizations, which felt their interest to
be threatened, began to solidify into an opposition against KANU. At a
meeting of these organizations' leaders in Ngong on June 25, 1960, the
Kenya African Democratic Union (KADU) was
formed, headed by Ronald Ngala. The new party was the culmination of the
leaders' endeavors to eventually form a government of national unity.
first meeting towards establishing the Kenya African National Union (KANU)
was held in Kiambu on March 27, 1960. At the meeting a committee was formed
to draft the first KANU. The committee included:
Gichuru - as acting President
Njoroge Mungai - secretary
Julius Gikonyo Kiano
Mboya, among others.
second formative conference was held on May 14, 1960. At that conference
the elected office bearers were:
Kenyatta - President (in absentia)
Gichuru - Acting President
Odinga - Vice-president
Mboya - General Secretary
Ochwanda - Deputy Secretary
Ngala - Treasurer (in absentia)
Arap Moi - Deputy Treasurer (in absentia)
this point, there had been a large number of smaller political parties
who in August 1960 decided to form a coalition party, the Kenya African
Democratic Union (KADU) as a challenge to KANU.
The first multi-party election in Kenya in 1961 was primarily a contest
between KANU and KADU and that KANU won by a landslide. KANU however chose
not to form the first African government insisting that Jomo Kenyatta
be released from prison first. Under Ronald Ngala as Prime Minister, KADU
formed the first government.
of Jomo Kenyatta from prison toward the end of 1961 secured KANU's role
in Kenya's political development. He was included in the KANU delegation
to the Second Lancaster House Constitutional Conference for Kenyan 1962.
government with electoral and parliamentary minority support remained
in power until June 1 1963 Jomo Kenyatta formed the first internal-self
government. With him as prime minister, the government was:
maintain the proper historical context, all the brief biographies are
up to 1963, when the first Independent cabinet was formed.
Kenyatta - Prime Minister
around 1890 in a small village in Central Kenya and educated at a Church
of Scotland Mission near Nairobi. Mr. Kenyatta entered politics at an
early age and in 1929, left for England as leader of a delegation making
representations to the Colonial Office about land grievances. During his
15 years overseas he studied at the London School of Economics and formed
contacts with many other African Politicians who became world figures.
his return to Kenya he became president of the Kenya African Union. At
the beginning of the Emergency, he and other leading nationalists were
arrested and detained. Nine years later, he was freed from all restrictions
to become president of KANU. After the elections in 1963, when KANU were
victorious, he was sworn in as Kenya's first Prime Minister.
1911. Educated at Maseno, Alliance High School. Makerere College.
After a brief teaching career, founded the Luo Thrift and Trading
Corporation. Mr. Odinga was a member of the Nyanza African District
and the Sakwa location advisory councils from 1947 to 1949. Elected
to the Legislative Council for Nyanza Central in 1957. Mr. Odinga
by 1963, had been Vice-President of KANU since 1960.
and Constitutional Affairs
in 1930, Mr. Mboya was educated at Kabaa and Yala and completed
his schooling a Mangu. After a brief period of employment with
the Nairobi City Council he became secretary of the Kenya Local
Government Workers Union and in 1953. General Secretary of the
Kenya Federation of Labour. He was Minister of Labour in 1962.
Elected to the House of Representatives for Nairobi Central in
1963. Mr. Mboya by 1963 has been Secretary General of KANU since
and Economic Planning
1914. Educated at Church of Scotland Mission School, Alliance High
School and Makerere College. From 1935 to 1940 taught at Alliance
High School and was then headmaster of the Church of Scotland School,
Dagoretti. Mr. Gichuru was President of KANU from 1960 but relinquished
the office in favour of Mr. Kenyatta in 1961. Minister of Finance
in 1961, he was elected unopposed for Limuru in 1963.
of State in the Prime Minister's Office
1911. Educated in Bangalore and Bellary in South India. After returning
to Kenya, worked for the Administration of Somalia from 1941 to
1951. Assistant Secretary of the Movement for Colonial Freedom from
1951 to 1957. Mr. Murumbi then became the Press and Tourist Officer
in the Moroccan Embassy in London. In 1962, he joined KANU. He became
the party's treasurer and was elected in 1963 to the House of Representative
for Nairobi South
of State for Pan African Affairs
in 1907, Mr. Koinange was educated in Kenya, the United States
and Britain. He obtained a BA degree from Ohio Wesleyan University
and a MA at Columbia. He became principal at Kenya Teachers College,
Githunguri from 1938 to 1947 and a representative of the Kenya
African Union in Europe from 1951 to 1959. He was the Director
of the Bureau of African Affairs in Ghana from 1959 to 1961. Mr.
Koinange was elected member for Kiambaa in 1963. He was President
of the Kenya African National Traders and Farmers Union.
in 1926, Dr. Mungai was educated at the Alliance High School and
Fort Hare University where he obtained a B.Sc. degree. He studied
medicine and gained his BA and MD from Stanford University, USA.
He ran a private clinic in Kenya from 1960-1963. A member of KANU's
National Executive, Dr. Mungai was elected to the House of Representatives
in 1963 as a member of Nairobi West. Dr. Mungai was the Prime
Minister's personal physician.
in 1917, Mr. Otiende was educated at Maseno, Alliance High School
and Makerere University. He was a teacher at Kaimosi in 1937 and
Alliance High School in 1945. He was the Executive Officer for
the North Nyanza African District Council from 1949 to 1950. He
continued to represent the Maragoli on the Council until 1955.
Mr. Otiende was General Secretary of Kenya African Union from
1951 to 1952. Assistant Secretary for North Nyanza African District
Council from 1955 to 1962. He became a member of the Legislative
Assembly in 1962, and elected to the House of Representatives
from Vihiga in 1963.
in in 1919, Mr. McKenzie completed his education at Hilton College,
Natal before joining the South African Air Force in 1939. He farmed
successfully in Nakuru area and played a prominent part in public
life. Nominated to the Legislative Council in 1957 and became
a specially elected member in 1958. Mr. McKenzie became the Minister
for Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Water Resources in 1959
and Lands and Settlement in 1962. In 1963, he became a Specially
Elected Member in the House of Representatives.
in 1931, Mr. Ayodo was educated at Kamagambo, Maseno and Makerere
College. He gained a B.Sc. in Education at Union College, Nebraska,
entering the teaching profession in 1956 at Kamagambo School.
He represented South Nyanza in 1959 and again in 1961. In 1963
he returned for Kasipul/Kabondo in the House of Representatives.
in 1926. Educated at Kagumo, Alliance High School, and Makerere.
He obtained a BA degree in Economics in 1952 at Antioch College,
Ohio and a MA in Political Science from Stanford University in
1953. He obtained a Ph.D. degree from California University in
1956. Member for Central Province South 1958. Minister for Commerce
and Industry 1960 to 1961. Elected to the House of Representatives
for Kangema in 1963.
Communication and Power
in 1928. Educated Maynard Intermediate School, Alliance High School,
Makerere College. Teacher in various schools in Coast Province
before entering business in 1953. Elected Member for Taita/Taveta
in 1961 and appointed Parliamentary Secretary to Ministry of Agriculture.
Elected for Wundanyi in 1963. Chairman of Taita KANU branch in
and Social Services
in 1924. Educated at the African Inland Mission, Government African
School, Kitui, Alliance High School and finally Kagumo Teacher
Training College. Taught at Government African School, Kitui 1947
to 1952. Appointed head teacher at Matinyani DEB Intermediate
in 1953. IN 1961 won a seat for Kitui. Minister for Health and
Housing in 1963. Returned in 1963 to the House of Representatives
for Kitui Central. In 1963, was chairman for KANU in Kitui.
in 1927. Educated at Kisii and Mangu. Obtained a Teachers diploma
at Kangumo Training College, Nyeri. BA in Sociology and Political
Science at Allegheny College, US. For nine years was a headmaster
in Central and South Nyanza and then appointed Assistant Education
Officer. KANU member for Kisii in 1961 and Minister for Education
in 1962. Returned in 1963 for Kitui West.
Broadcasting and Tourism
in 1921. Educated at Maseno and ran the Luo newspaper, Ramogi
from 1945 to 1948. Secretary, Luo Thrift and Trading Corporation
from 1948 to 1951. Member of Nairobi Municipal Council 1949 and
Secretary-General of the Kenya African Union in 1952. Personal
Secretary to Mr. Jomo Kenyatta in 1961. Elected for Nakuru Town
in the House of Representatives in 1963.
1908. Attended Alliance High School and then obtained London Matriculation.
Employed as an accountant and later became a leading figure in
Meru district. Chairman of the Meru branch of KANU winning one
of the Meru seats in 1961. Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry
of Tourism, Forests and Wildlife and then to Ministry of Education
in 1962. Returned as a member for Meru West in 1963.
Jomo Kenyatta formed the first internal self-government on June 1, 1963,
he embarked on a crusade to convince all opposition party members to join
KANU. He believed that,
salvation lies in Unity. If you fight as one, our country will be free.
All of us will be able to contribute to nation-building'.
was intensified after full independence was won on December 12, 1963.
He got his Vice-President, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, to campaign for the
end of opposition parties and opposition policies. Odinga argued that
the absorption of KADU into KANU would strengthen the party, and
important, would end disunity and tensions among the people so that
our united national energies could be harnessed in the building of the